Hobart is the state capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania. Founded in 1804 as a penal colony, it is Australia's second oldest city. Hobart has an estimated metropolitan population of 207,000. The city is the financial and administrative hub of Tasmania, and also serves as the home port for both Australian and French Antarctic operations. The original settlement was started in 1803 as a penal colony at Risdon Cove. In 1804 it was moved to a better spot at the present location of Hobart at Sullivan's Cove. The city was named after Lord Hobart the Colonial Secretary. Charles Darwin visited Hobart Town in 1836 as part of the Beagle voyage. But since the Derwent River was one of Australia's supreme deepwater ports and was the center of the Southern Ocean whaling and seal trade, it quickly grew into a major port, with allied industries such as ship-building. Hobart Town became a city in 1842, and was renamed Hobart in 1875.
One of the most beautiful places in Australia is Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens. The Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens is a trendy recreation area only a short distance from the city center. It is the second oldest Botanic Gardens in Australia and holds a significant plant collections.
A wonderful treat for the ears is the Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra. The Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra is based in Hobart, Australia but plays regular concerts all around Tasmania. The Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra was established as in 1948. It receives government grants from both the Tasmanian and Australian governments to keep playing.
Hobart also has a popular restaurant strip called Salamanca Place near the waterfront. Salamanca Place includes a large number of ethnic restaurants including Chinese, Thai, Italian, and Mexican. Several pubs and nightclubs can be found in the city and waterfront area.