The city of Mandalay sits next to the Irrawaddy River. The city lies over two tectonic plates, which meet beneath the city. The tectonic fault below Mandalay is called the Sagaing Fault. The fault is the meeting place for the Sunda and India tectonic plates. Because tectonic plates can trigger earthquakes, the city is at risk for a seismic event. A magnitude 7 earthquake took place in Mandalay in 1956. The quake damaged a large part of the city of Sagaing and therefore is known as the Great Sagaing Quake.
Best Time To Visit Mandalay experiences two seasons – a wet season and a dry season. The best time to see the city is from November to April, or the dry season. Rain is frequent from May through October. Beware of April. It is the hottest month. Temperatures can average in the high 80s on the Fahrenheit scale.
You Should Know The Yadanabon Zoological Garden is a small zoo in the city. It lies between the Mandalay Palace and Mandalay Hill. The Shwenandaw Monastery (Golden Palace Monastery) was built by King Thibaw Min in 1880, it is made of teak wood and displays carvings of Buddhist myths. Most of Mandalay Palace was destroyed in the Second World War. However, the Royal Mint and the palace's watchtower did not burn.
Located next to the Irrawaddy River northwest of Mandalay, Mingun is a small town in the center of Myanmar. It is known as the home for a number of interesting landmarks, such as the Mingun Pahtodawgyi, also known as the unfinished pagoda.
You Should Know The Mingun Bell or the Giant Bell is cast in bronze as well as other metals, including silver and gold. Although the Unfinished Pagoda was not finished, it still is regarded as the highest pile of bricks in the world. Myatheintan Pagoda was built by King Bagyidaw in honor of his consort Queen Hsinbyume, who died during childbirth in 1812. An earthquake destroyed the pagoda in 1832, but the structure was restored by King Mindon in 1874. Around 100,000 emeralds were used during the original building of the pagoda.
Inwa or Ava, located in Myanmar, is known for its religious ruins and structures – buildings that existed during the 1300s to 1800s, during several reigns as the Burmese capital. One of the primary structures is the Bagaya Kyaung, a teak monastery built during the 19th century.
Best Time To Visit Schedule a visit to Ava during the dry season in Myanmar, which runs from November through April. Temperatures are cooler during the start of the season.
You Should Know Maha Aungmye Bonzan Monastery dates back to the 19th century. Bats seem to like the monastery's crypt area. Ava has been ravaged by both natural disasters and war. and therefore has been rebuilt several times. Ava was a dominant kingdom in upper Burma (now Myanmar) from 1364, when it was founded, until 1555.
Bagan is one of the most popular attractions in Myanmar. Known as a temple town, Bagan's archaeological zone occupies a 26 square-mile area. The Irrawaddy River drifts along the town's north and west sides. The overgrown village does not feature a thriving nightlife. Instead, it is a place to explore ancient temples and architecture.
Best Time To Visit Visit the site during the early part of the dry season when the temperatures are not as warm. Plan a trip for November or December
You Should Know The Shwezigon Pagoda is famous for its gold-leaf décor. The city is known by the name, "Sea of Temples." At least 2,200 temples and pagodas stand in Bagan, but it is believed around 10,000 temples and pagodas once existed – all honoring Buddha. Because of its stable climate, the sun shines more in Bagan than any other Myanmar city.
Serving as the gateway to Inle Lake, Nyaung Shwe has a backpacker and hiker type of feel. Its main street, Yone Gyi Road. features an array of budget restaurants, Internet cafes, shops, and stupas. If you are looking for a peaceful escape, you will find what you are seeking when you enter Nyaung Shwe.
Best Time To Visit Set your sights to visit Nyaung Shwe during the cooler part of the dry season, or from November to December.
You Should Know The largest pagoda in Nyaung Shwe is Yadana Manaung Pagoda, which is located on Paung Daw Seiq Road, which lies parallel to the main thoroughfare of Yone Gyi Road. Visit the Mingalar Market for local foods and produce from the nearby lake. The market also features handicrafts.
Kalaw allows you to see Myanmar village life up-close and permits you to immerse yourself in Myanmar culture. Some of Kalaw's well-visited sites include the Myoma Market and the Thein Taung Monastery. Another must-see site is the Hnee Pagoda with its large gold Buddha.
Best Time To Visit Mark your calendar for November or December at the beginning of the country's dry season.
You Should Know The Kalaw Myoma Market is a good spot to enjoy shan noodles. You can also find gingers or tea leaves at the site. The best time to go to the Hnee Pagoda is when it opens at 8:00 am. You will beat the crowds, and it will be quieter.
Inle Lake is one destination that allows you to take in both the culture and natural scenery of Myanmar. The watery spot is the ideal venue for cycling and exploring. Intha fisherman row their canoes with one leg and gardens float over the quiet waves. Wooden stilt houses, at the lake, perch above the water, somewhat like a crane or similar water bird.
Best Time To Visit Plan to see Inle Lake during the dry and cooler time of the year, preferably November.
You Should Know You can take a dip in the Khaung Daing hot springs, where water is directed into various swimming pools. A dip in one of the private pools costs US$10.The village of Khaung Daing is known for its shan tofu, made with split yellow-colored pea flower. Thin wafers of tofu are set out in the sun to dry. Tofu thoke (or tofu salad) can be eaten in the village if you are hungry.
Besides Bagan, Yangon is another popular tourist attraction in Myanmar. Originally, a fishing village named Dagon, Yangon was the capital of Myanmar from 1948 to 2005. After 2005, Naypyidaw became the capital. Nevertheless, Yangon is considered the largest city in the country. People refer to Yangon as the "city of Golden Pagodas," with the biggest pagoda being the Shwedagon Pagoda.
Best Time To Visit Keep your calendar open for November, or the dry season, if you plan to visit Yangon.
You Should Know High-rise buildings in the city do not feature elevators. Instead, people who live in the buildings, hang out baskets tied to ropes so they can pull up items, such as food, to where they live. Men and women both wear a sheet of long fabric called a lonyi. While it looks like an ankle-length skirt, a longyi is a piece of material that ties around the waist.